A literary, artistic, and cultural movement founded in the first decade of the 20th century, futurism combined genuine artistic radicalism with a love of violence, power, and speed that led futurist thinkers and writers to extol the virtues of war and to embrace Fascism as their political creed. The essence of futurism was its celebration of the beauty of modernity. Aracing car could be as beautiful as a race horse, electric pylons as beautiful as trees or mountains. Literature and art should not, in short, be restful or contemplative, but should capture the noise, bustle, drama, and violence of industrial cities. In the words of the futurist manifesto published by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti in the French newspaper Le Figaro in 1909, the futurists wanted to “sing” of “the vast crowds energized by work, pleasure, or protest,” to depict the “vibrant nightly fervor of the arsenals and workplaces lit by violent electric moons,” the “bridges arched across rivers like gigantic gymnasts,” and the “locomotives . . . like enormous steel horses in a harness of tubes.” Despite the vigor and exuberance of Marinetti’s prose in the manifesto, these tasks were fulfilled more memorably by artists such as Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carra, and Giacomo Balla than by the writers associated with the futurist cause. Ideologically, the futurists subscribed to the antidemocratic philosophy of violence and power worship traceable to Friedrich Nietzsche and popularized by Georges Sorel. Like the dadaists, they were hostile to traditional and classical forms in art, architecture, and esthetics. “The sound of a racing car engine is more beautiful than the greatest symphony” was a part of the futurist manifesto. Giovanni Papini, the editor of Leonardo, was the most prominent Italian thinker to fall under the sway of such ideas. Marinetti’s manifesto, however, expressed the political thinking animating the futurists succinctly: “We want to glorify war—the world’s only form of hygiene—militarism, patriotism, the destructive gestures of the anarchists, the fine ideas for which men die, and contempt for women.” With a philosophy such as this, futurist intellectuals mostly became enthusiastic Fascists, although their ardor cooled as Benito Mussolini’s regime became increasingly institutionalized and conservative in the 1930s.
   See also Fascism; Literature.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Futurism — was an art movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century. It was largely an Italian phenomenon, though there were parallel movements in Russia, England and elsewhere. The Italian writer Filippo Tommaso Marinetti was its founder and… …   Wikipedia

  • futurism — FUTURÍSM s.n. Curent literar artistic apărut în Italia, la începutul sec. XX, care exaltă promovarea noului, a prezentului care prefigurează viitorul. – Din fr. futurisme, it. futurismo. Trimis de ana zecheru, 14.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  futurísm …   Dicționar Român

  • Futurism — Fu tur*ism, n. (Painting) 1. A movement or phase of post impressionism (which see, below). [PJC] 2. A point of view that finds meaning or fulfillment in the future rather than in the past or present. The philosophy of a {futurist}. MW10 [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • futurism — 1909, from It. futurismo, coined 1909 by Italian poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876 1944); see FUTURE (Cf. future) + ISM (Cf. ism). Futurist is attested from 1842, originally theological …   Etymology dictionary

  • Futurism — ► NOUN ▪ an artistic movement launched in Italy in 1909, which strongly rejected traditional forms and embraced modern technology …   English terms dictionary

  • futurism — [fyo͞o′chər iz΄əm] n. [It futurismo < futuro, FUTURE] [often F ] a movement in the arts, originated by Italian painters shortly before WWI: they opposed traditionalism and sought to depict dynamic movement by eliminating conventional form and… …   English World dictionary

  • futurism — /fyooh cheuh riz euhm/, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) a style of the fine arts developed originally by a group of Italian artists about 1910 in which forms derived chiefly from cubism were used to represent rapid movement and dynamic motion. 2. (often… …   Universalium

  • Futurism CD — Infobox Album Name = Remergence Type = Album Artist = Remergence Released = Feb 2003 Recorded = 2002 Genre = Electronica Label = Atom Sounds Producer = Remergence| Last album = Escpae To Paradise (2001) This album = Futurism (2002 3) Next album …   Wikipedia

  • Futurism — Sommaire # Liste des titres # Musiciens # Liens Liste des titres Easily Futurism Can t Take My Eyes Off You Eternally Missing Crying Shame Sing for Absolution (Acoustic) Dead Star Fury …   Wikipédia en Français

  • futurism — [[t]fju͟ːtʃərɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT Futurism was a modern artistic and literary movement in the early twentieth century …   English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.